For a long time the standard were glass bottles, but improvements in the packaging industry United States in 1940, inspired by Swedish businessman Ruben Rausing in search of an alternative. He developed a method for building a watertight receptacles made of cardboard and uncompressed. The technology is called Tetra Pak is just called and moisture resistant cardboard. In the late 1960 's, such packaging has become the standard for the storage of neportâŝegosâ milk.
He became the answer to the question how to make carrying a half-dozen cans of beer. Engineer company Illinois Tool Works on behalf of Ougl′eza Jules Poupitč received three patents for their inventions from 1959 to 1963 years. He was the first who saw the potential of plastic and used it to create packages with a minimum consumption of effort and material. (Andreas Suetterlin)
During active development of road transport in the 1920 's, the question of safety arose very sharply. Englishman Percy Shaw, inspired by the case of reflection of light of headlights in the eyes of cats, in 1934, created the first circular and call it "cat's eye". His invention is used to this day by contributing to road safety, and without draining your energy. (Reflecting Roadstuds Ltd)
Rubber industry in the UK was founded by Thomas Hancock in the mid-19th century. In the mid-1840 's, working with his American colleague Charles Gudearom, Hancock discovered the effect of vulcanization-heated rubber with sulphur has become much more useful properties. Mr Hancock patented the process, and a year later one of the licensees, Steve Perry, used it to create a rubber band. (Andreas Suetterlin)
To the universal electrification of homes and before the fruits and vegetables are available year-round, preservation in glass jars was the most common way of storing food. Weck, created the company January 1, 1900, became famous all over the world, thanks to the patented method of conservation. At a time when buyers increasingly worried about natural products, conservation is undergoing a revival. (J. Weck GmbH u. co. KG)
The origin of the Tin banks dates back to the days of Napoleon. It required the means to provide food that is kept for a long time, and he announced a contest for this task. In 1809 Nicolas Appert year proposed putting food in sealed containers, after sterilizing them with boiling water. In 1810, the British merchant Peter Durand suggested instead of glass to use metal containers, covered with Tin, and King George III issued a patent on this invention. (Andreas Suetterlin).
Back in the 16th century, children were given sugar or other food, wrapped in a piece of cloth to soothe and distract. Around 1900, the dummy acquired form, which has been preserved until now: the nipple shield (that a child could swallow it) and the handle. On the photo by drawing the nipples, patented Kelvin Brèem in 1959 year. (Hidden Heroes)
The first pencils appeared in the 16th century, when in Kumberlènde, England, have found deposits of graphite. It had been thought that this is a lead ore, but in 1779, Karl Wilhelm Schiele has proved that this is the carbon. Nicolas Jacques Conté crayons, proivzodstva has developed a method that is still used: graphite rod is baked in the oven and a wooden shell. (A. W. Faber-Castell Corporate Administration. Archive and Collections)
His story begins in the late 18th century. The wine was stored in oak casks, but to increase shelf life, it was bottled in glass bottles and closed their dense traffic jams. No one exactly knows who first invented the corkscrew, but the first patent granted in the year 1795, belongs to the British priest Samuel Hènšellu. Today, there are about 50000 models and varieties of spin. (Andreas Suetterlin)
It combines two opposites, because must be simultaneously soft and durable. The largest producers are the United States of Kleenex and Tempo from Germany. In Germany alone, each year approximately 40 billion pieces. (Alamy)
Thomas Edison and Sir Joseph Wilson Swan invented the light bulb almost simultaneously and independently of each other. Together, they have created a company "Ediswan." Design of the light bulbs in the future was as simple as possible, and this invention simplified the lives of billions of people across the planet.
the clasp is easy to use, but has a fairly complex design and principle of operation. Slider teeth connects on both sides-they have convex concave top and bottom, so that they lay in a vertical row in chessboard order. To undo the zipper, the slider teeth starts to rassoedinilis′. Swede Gideon Sandbèk spent years perfecting the design. (Sebastian Errazuriz)